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A Hmao (Hua Miao) Songs, Stories and Legends from China
Nicholas Tapp & Mark Pfeifer (eds.)
Australian National University, Hmong Resource Center in Minnesota
These wonderful materials come from the A Hmao people of Southwest China, a Miao people related to the Hmong. Their language is a unique one and this book represents a fair selection of their whole corpus of oral legends - songs and folk tales about the origins of the world, their oppression by the Chinese, their flight and exodus, their relations with landlords, together with stories of their social customs, lovesongs and animal fables. Before the Chinese revolution of 1949 the Parsons brothers, who collected and translated these materials, worked with the A Hmao as Christian pastors. Before leaving China they had asked the A Hmao to write down their entire oral corpus in the special form of writing invented by missionaries for their hitherto oral language. After China opened up in 1978 more of these materials were sent to the Parsons brothers, for all through the years of socialism the A Hmao had faithfully recorded their entire corpus.
There are four sections – the ‘Beginnings’, dealing with Creation and the Flood, ‘History’, dealing with early leaders, clashes with the Chinese, and the loss of the homeland, ‘Social Life’, covering shamanism, marriage and other customs, and ‘Narratives’ (fantastic stories about orphans, tigers, and many animal fables). Each legend has a brief introduction by the Parsons brothers followed by their free translation. This selection has been put together from the entire mass of the collection by Nicholas Tapp, a Professor of Anthropology at the Australian National University, and Mark Pfeifer, former Head of the Hmong Resource Center in Minnesota. To show the uniqueness of the language, some examples of the word-for-word translations which accompany each entry in the original are given, and some samples of the special Pollard script invented for the language. This is a unique corpus of imaginative folklore and linguistic materials and marks a considerable contribution towards world mythology.
ISBN 9783929075700 (Hardbound). LINCOM Text Collections 02
. 600pp. 2009.
Lebanese Arabic Clitics: A Typological Study
University of Balamand
The main concern of the proposed book is the study of pronominal markers in the Lebanese Arabic dialect (LA). In spite of a huge literature on this problem within European languages, as yet little research has been conducted on these elements in the LA dialect. The goal is to describe and analyze the pronominal markers attached to three different syntactic categories: verbs, prepositions and nouns. A description and analysis of LA subject and object markers attached to verbs is carried out. The aim is to test the status of these markers and to determine whether they are clitics or affixes. Central to our discussion is the ordering of objects in ditransitive verbs and the phenomenon of clitic doubling. The same path of research is followed by studying the object markers attached to transitive prepositions.
The final syntactic category under investigation is nouns. The possessive markers attached to nouns are considered clitics. These clitics in turn can be substituted by a full noun phrase forming the so-called construct state. It is argued that the second element in these constructions is a syntactically dependent element or a quasi-clitic. In addition, the construct state constructions along with other constructions such as the spurious construct state (SCS) are dealt with from a typological perspective of head-marking versus dependent-marking.
ISBN 9783862889235 (Hardbound). LINCOM Studies in Afroasiatic Linguistics 38. 128pp. 2019.
Basic Dictionary of Contemporary Media
University of Toronto
The study of media and contemporary cyberculture has produced a vast repertory of notions, ideas, techniques, theories, and methods of analysis. Many of these are borrowed and adapted from cognate disciplines; but others are self-generated, and are thus new, interesting, and often controversial. Newcomers to this field may thus experience unease or consternation with the vast terrain of terms that have emerged over the last few decades. This dictionary is an attempt to provide a map through this terrain. The dictionary casts as wide a net as possible, so as to gather within two covers the bulk of the ideas and technical terms that the student or interested general reader might want to know in order to decipher the relevant literature. It is designed to be concise, as far as possible, rather than detailed and exhaustive. A comprehensive general dictionary of this field—that is, a reference work for a general readership that presents the main aspects of the field—is actually nowhere to be found. There are dictionaries of different technological, historical or psychological aspects; but a general reference manual that contains all of these is lacking. The purpose of the present dictionary is to fill this gap.
Marcel Danesi is Professor of Anthropology and Semiotics at the University of Toronto. He has published numerous books on puzzles and games and has written puzzles for periodicals such as "Reader's Digest," "Prevention Magazine," and "Psychology Today." He also directs a centre within the Fields Institute for Research in Mathematics where he conducted research on puzzles of all kinds. He is also editor-in-chief of "Semiotica" and of various book series.
ISBN 9783962060237. lincom pocket 21. 216pp. 2019.
French Pronunciation & Accents
Geo-social Applications of the Natural Phonetics & Tonetics Method
University of Venice
This book applies the principles of Natural Phonetics & Tonetics to describe the pronunciation of French, including intonation, in a precise way never found in earlier treatises. It includes an introduction to the Natural Phonotonetics Method, which can be used for any other language, as well (without the sadly known limitations of official IPA).
The vowels, consonants, structures, and intonation of French, including liaison and the unstable e phoneme, are fully described and transcribed, with many examples of words, sentences, and conversations, in addition to the intonationally integrated IPA sample passage ‘The North Wind and the Sun’, and some lofty texts.
Different types of French pronunciation are fully described: international, neutral, traditional, mediatic. In addition, the neutral, mediatic and broad pronunciations currently used in France, Belgium, and Switzerland are extensively treated.
Further chapters describe (with clear phonic maps) the 61 regional accents found in: France, Belgium, Switzerland, and Canada, and other parts of the world.
Other chapters provide 7 traditional dialects, 23 foreign accents of French, 4 diachronic stages, 26 concise language phonopses for easier comparisons.
A mini-phono-dictionary contains about 200 words, chosen among the most problematic ones for pronunciation and the use of liaison. Extensive lists of homophones and numbers are also provided.
ISBN 9783862887910 (Hardbound). LINCOM Studies in Phonetics 21. 428pp. 2017.
Complete Guide to English! A User-Friendly Manual
University of Toronto
This book constitutes a complete guide to English grammar and how it is used in common conversations. It shows how the parts of English grammar fit together to produce a simple system that can be used to make communication effective and meaningful. It is intended for both native speakers of the language and those who are studying it as a foreign or second language. It takes nothing for granted and explains everything in the simplest terms possible.
With hundreds of practical exercises, the book can be used as a textbook for classroom usage, as a self-study manual, or as a reference manual of English grammar, since it contains a complete description of the language. Answers to all exericses are found at the back, as is a grammar glossary and a list of irregular verbs. This manual has in it all that someone will probably need to gain proficiency in the English language.
ISBN 9783862887415. LINCOM Language Textbooks 07. 382pp. 2016.
Typology of Taxis Constructions
Viktor S. Xrakovskij (ed.)
Russian Academy of Sciences
This collective volume by the Language Typology Workshop of the St. Petersburg Institute for Linguistic Studies (Russian Academy of Sciences) addresses taxis (relative tense) constructions in languages of different structure. It continues the Workshop’s earlier studies under a general research program launched in the 1960s and focused on the grammatical verb categories related to the semantic and syntactic structure of the sentence. The Workshop’s earlier publications in English include: Nedjalkov V. P. (ed.). Typology of Resultative Constructions. Amsterdam, 1988; Xrakovskij V. S. (ed.). Typology of Iterative Constructions, LINCOM, München, 1997; Xrakovskij V. S. (ed.). Typology of Imperative Constructions. LINCOM München, 2001; Xrakovskij V. S. (ed.). Typology of Conditional Constructions. LINCOM, München, 2005; Nedjalkov V. P. (ed.). Reciprocal Constructions. Amsterdam; Philadelphia, 2007; and Xrakovskij V. S. (ed.). Typology of Concessive Constructions. LINCOM, München, 2012. This volume consists of two parts and an appendix.
Part 1 provides a background on taxis studies and sets forth the underlying theoretical concept. The proposed theoretical concept makes it possible to describe taxis constructions in a form that allows to demonstrate both their common (above all, semantic) properties and typological (above all, grammatical) differences between both related and unrelated languages. The concept establishes a typology of taxis verb forms, provides a characterization of prototypical and peripheral taxis constructions, and proposes calculi for taxis meanings and taxis constructions.
Part 2 consists of two sections and 20 chapters on taxis constructions in various languages. The descriptions are to a large extent uniform as they are based on a common questionnaire.
The contributors to this collective volume are: Alpatov V. M., Barentsen A. (Netherlands), Bystrov I. S. , Dmitrenko S. Yu., Ibragimov I. I., Iskhakova X. F., Kordi E. E. , Kramarova S. G., Malchukov A. L., Nasilov D. M., Nedjalkov I. V., Nevskaya I. A., Nicolova R. (Bulgaria), Nikitina T. N., Nikitina T. V., Ogloblin A. K., Orosz A. (Hungary), Spatari N. M., Stankevich N. V., Tommola H. (Finland), Wiemer B. (Germany), Xrakovskij V. S., and Zorikhina-Nilsson N. (Sweden).
ISBN 9783862887224 (Hardbound). LINCOM Studies in Theoretical Linguistics 58. 710pp. 2016.
Complaints and Impoliteness in Service Encounters:
A Mixed Method Analysis
Ronald Geluykens & Bettina Kraft
University of Oldenburg; University of Trier
Research on (im)politeness phenomena within (cross-cultural) pragmatics has, in the past, all too often focused on a narrow range of face-threatening acts such as requests and apologies, employing a limited range of (controlled) data tools such as dicourse completion tasks (DCTs), and using one single research method. The current book attempts to address these limitations by focusing on (spontaneously) occurring conflictual exchanges, and by using a mixed method approach.
The contribution this study makes is twofold. First of all, by employing a mixture of controlled (DCTs, role plays) and spontaneous (telephone and face-to-face) data, and by combining quantitative and qualitative analyses, we emphasize the advantages, indeed the necessity, of a mixed methodology. Secondly, by concentrating on service encounters, we show that complaints are speech events which are highly context-sensitive. We also demonstrate that previous studies have overestimated the role of politeness strategies in complaints; hence our claim that any analysis of conflict talk needs to take the role of impoliteness phenomena into account as well.
Ronald Geluykens is Full Professor of English Language at the University of Oldenburg; Bettina Kraft is Senior Lecturer in English Linguistics at the University of Trier. They have collaborated extensively on the analysis of complaints in the past.
ISBN 9783862887101 (Hardbound). LINCOM Studies in Pragmatics 30. 276pp. 2016.
Geschichten der klassischen japanischen Literatur
Noriko Katsuki-Pestemer (ed.)
Dieses Buch präsentiert 48 Geschichten aus zwölf setsuwa-Werken der klassischen japanischen Literatur vom 9. bis 13. Jahrhundert. Zu diesem Genre der japanischen Literatur gehören Anekdoten, Erzählungen, Kurzgeschichten, Legenden, Mythen und Volkserzählungen; die Gemeinsamkeit dieser Gattungen ist, dass es sich um mündlich oder schriftlich tradierte Literatur handelt.
Die Originalfassung der Geschichten im klassischen Japanisch und teilweise im klassischen Chinesisch wurde unter der Leitung der Herausgeberin von Absolventen und Studierenden des Faches Japanologie an der Universität Trier ins Deutsche übersetzt. Eine jede dieser Geschichten enthüllt zahlreiche kulturelle Hintergründe, welche mit Fußnoten erläutert werden. Zudem entschlüsselt das im Buch angehängte Glossar, erstellt von Leon Krings, buddhistische, shintoistische und kulturgeschichtliche Fachtermini, um dem Leser ein noch tieferes Verständnis der Geschichten zu ermöglichen.
Das Zentralthema betrifft mehrheitlich den Buddhismus: Darstellung der Mönche und Nonnen mit hintergründiger Komik; buddhistische Belehrungen durch wundersame Geschichten; Vorstellung buddhistischer Werte (Duldsamkeit, Dankbarkeit, Mitgefühl für Mitmenschen); buddhistische Betrachtung der Frauen. Zudem sind Elemente des Konfuzianismus und Shintoismus, wie z. B. konfuzianistische Pietät und shintoistische Betrachtung der Gottheiten, erkennbar. Neben dem Buddhismus spielt auch Komik eine zentrale Rolle, welche durch übernatürliche Kräfte dargestellter Protagonisten hervorgerufen wird: bärenstarke Frauen, Mönche mit übernatürlichen Kräften, außergewöhnlich mutige junge Männer bei einer Mutprobe und ein Großfraß eines hohen Hofbeamten. Die durch Peinlichkeit hervorgerufene Komik ist zudem bei einigen Geschichten feststellbar. Außerdem gibt es Geschichten, deren Ursprung im alten China festzustellen ist, sodass eine enge kulturelle Verbindung zwischen China und Japan verdeutlicht wird. Eine Geschichte zeigt ferner die politische und kulturelle Verbindung zu der damaligen Koreanischen Halbinsel auf. Es treten in den dargestellten Geschichten neben Menschen nicht nur Tiere (Füchse, ein Marder, Rehe, eine Kuh, eine Krabbe, eine Schlange, ein Hund und Bienen), sondern auch fiktive Wesen (der oni, der tengu und Drachen) auf. Anekdoten geschichtlich bekannter Persönlichkeit werden auch geschildert. Alle diese Geschichten stellen verschiedene Gefühle der Menschen wie z. B. Angst, Eifersucht, Freude, Liebe, Neid, Traurigkeit und Wut dar.
Das Buch wird den Leser in eine Welt einführen, in der anhand Geschichten der klassischen japanischen Literatur ihm bislang verborgene Kulturen vorgestellt werden, die dessen ungeachtet gleichzeitig Gemeinsamkeiten zwischen voneinander vollkommen verschiedenen Kulturen aufzeigen.
ISBN 9783862886838 (Hardbound). LINCOM Studien zur Japanologie 01. 274 S. 2016.